Movie review: Divide and Conquer (2018)

It was with some trepidation that I watched Divide and Conquer. Not due to the quality. (The documentary was outstanding.) But more the subject matter. I was a bit ignorant of Roger Ailes, but I knew enough to know that I would rather not know him more.

The documentary is a fascinating look at his history, both personally and professionally. Interviews with childhood friends and professional colleagues reveal what made him tick. I’ll cut to the chase—though none of this will be surprising—he lived in a world consumed by fear and anger. And paranoia. (His office was built to protect him from bullets and other attacks. I immediately thought of Scott Pruitt from the Trump administration.)

What a sad life to be controlled by fear and anger. Even sadder is that he infected the country with these emotions through the immense control he wielded.

He rose to positions of power with The Mike Douglas Show in the 1960s. After honing his media and manipulation skills there, he moved on to be a self-proclaimed media advisor to Nixon. Arguably, Ailes was the man responsible for getting Nixon elected by controlling and spinning his look on TV.

He continued to work as a political and executive coach for numerous campaigns across the country. Many of the power brokers in Washington, DC owe their political careers to him, including Mitch McConnell. (McConnell is not portrayed as the brightest bulb in this documentary.) Ailes helped the Bush, Reagan, and Trump campaigns.

In the 1990s, he seemingly moved from political coaching to news. He started America’s Talking, a talk show that was presumably a news show. A few years later, NBC sold the show to Gates, thereby creating MSNBC. Ailes was furious. He ultimately got his revenge by creating Fox News with Rupert Murdoch’s backing.

Divide and Conquer then focuses on the power, control, and manipulation that occurred at Fox News. Ailes surrounded himself with men like him. Murdoch protected him, Ailes protected the men he hired. The common thread surrounding them was the blatant abuse of power, sexual harassment of women, and promoting women or giving them jobs in return for sexual favors. It turns out, birds of a feather do flock together.

Various women are interviewed about the sexual improprieties that were rampant at Fox News and committed by Ailes. Some were paid off and silenced through settlements. Former workers at Fox News came forward with allegations. Finally, after decades, the dam broke. Women came forward, including a model (Marsha Callahan) from decades earlier who recounts in the documentary what happened to her, how she had to speak up when women were coming forward, and how her son was proud of her for speaking up and supporting other women. The #MeToo movement in action.

Several women were almost employees but denied employment after they did not welcome Ailes’ advances or agree to his transactional propositions for sex with him and other high-level men in the organization. One woman (Kellie Boyle) recounts that after she did not agree to sleep with Ailes in return for doing business with him, she was blacklisted around town; no one would meet with her or hire her. Her career was ruined. Ailes had that sort of power.

(Side note: It was painful to hear words coming from these women’s mouths that reflected the passive role society teaches women to play. Boyle mentioned that when Ailes propositioned her, she tried to get out of the situation without turning him down right there. Why? She didn’t want to risk offending him. Risk offending him, I thought? What about him just offending you? But I recognized this societal training. Women are taught not to offend and to appear accommodating. I do hope that his indoctrination of women is ending with the current generation of girls. It does no service to girls to teach them to be polite and accommodating, especially when their physical, emotional, or psychological safety is concerned. End of soapbox.)

Ailes was your typical bully, seen clearly when he moved to a small town in New York and preceded to try to bulldoze the town council and influence the elections by flooding them with Republican candidates. He strangely bought the town’s newspaper in 2009. (Well, maybe not so strangely. According to the documentary, Ailes seemed to be in a sad competition with Murdoch. Murdoch bought The Wall Street Journal. Ailes bought the Putnam County Courier and Putnam County News & Recorder.)

In the end, Murdoch didn’t stand by him when the noose tightened around Ailes about the sexual harassment allegations. His career ended with him being locked out of Fox News. Ironically, he was taken down for sex improprieties—Fox News made its name on the sexual improprieties of Bill Clinton in the 1990s. He died a year later from a fall in his house.

Unfortunately, his legacy didn’t die with him. We are stuck dealing with the aftermath of the world that he created. A world of fear, anger, and conspiracy theories. A world of divide and conquer. We are stuck with the political creatures that he created over the last four or five decades. The social and political turmoil in the US has his fingerprints all over them. Divide and Conquer will help you recognize his fingerprints.

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Agonies about what were or might have been

Quote

“Either the memory of past bliss is the anguish of to-day, or the agonies which are, have their origin in the ecstasies which might have been.” ~ Edgar Allen Poe, Berenice

Book review: Reality Is Not What It Seems: The Journey to Quantum Gravity

After recently reading Rovelli’s Seven Brief Lessons on Physics, I moved on to his lengthier work, Reality Is Not What It Seems. I wasn’t disappointed.

This book is a fleshing out of ideas, placing them in historical context. Rovelli starts with the Greeks, the views of reality they expounded, and how more modern theories of how the world work built on their theories or disproved them. A lover of history and a novice when it comes to physics, I found that his Seven Brief Lessons on Physics gave me enough of a scaffolding to understand the facts and scientific history that he described.

I learned so much more about physics—the exotic and mundane. (Was Einstein really bad in math? Suddenly, I didn’t feel like such a moron due to my lack of skill in the math department.)

My education about how the world works seemed to have been based on Newtonian physics. Theories and discoveries since then are kind of, well, mind-blowing. Space is finite but has no boundaries. How can that be? It curves. Time is not what we think. Time is local. The present is an illusion. (Kind of sounding Buddhist now.) Space is not a vacuum and the question what makes up space actually makes no sense. Rather than a Big Bang, there was more a Big Bounce. The universe expands and contracts.

Do not ask me to explain any of these things or the basic ideas of quantum theory. I understood enough of what Rovelli describes but not enough to articulate it or the reasoning behind it. Fascinating stuff physics—the quest to understand how the world works.

If you are interested in the history of quantum gravity and the ideas behind it, Rovelli’s book is for you. With his explanations about quantum theory, he may upend what you know—or what you thought you knew—about space and time, the universe, and how it all works.

Movie review: The Favourite (2018)

Not exactly a pick-me-up, The Favourite does makes one’s life seem not so bad. The royalty and elite in early 18th century England were a bit…immoral. The intrigue, backstabbing, and disregard for human life as portrayed seems extreme.

The movie focuses on two women close to Queen Anne—Sarah Churchill (Duchess of Marlborough) and Abigail Masham. The two women are cousins but Abigail lived a rough life. She fell from a position in elite society when her father sold her to pay for gambling debts, but then by chance, she ends up delivering a message to court and crossing paths with her cousin Sarah, who is the queen’s confidante (and, if one believes, lover).

A conniving and powerful woman, Sarah sort of takes Abigail under her wing. This isn’t all altruism and family loyalty. Abigail enters the ranks of employment at court as a scullery maid but is quickly pulled from this lowly spot when she helped heal the queen.

The queen is in poor health, suffering from grout among other things. After Abigail realizes that the queen is in pain from sore on her legs, she borrows a horse to go into the forests in search of herbs. Then she has the audacity to place the herb poultice on the queen’s legs as the queen sleeps.

Sarah orders that Abigail be whipped for her audacity, but after the queen’s favorable reaction to the poultice, Sarah orders that Abigail be made her own servant instead.

Abigail quickly learns from the intrigue surrounding her. She ingratiates herself with the queen and seeks to drive a wedge between the queen and Sarah. Eventually, Sarah is banished and Abigail takes her place at the queen’s side.

The broad strokes of the story are historical, but I am too ignorant of the details of early 18th century English court to comment on the details. Positions and fortunes at court shifted quickly depending on the whims of the queen and others’ conniving. Excess was everywhere…from the overeating by the queen to the duck races that the political and social elite engaged in.

The Favourite is a well-made movie that offers a glimpse into the court and personal life of Queen Anne. But the point of the movie? I am not sure. Perhaps that the life of the English court (and 18th century England in general) was so capricious. These times were definitely not the good old days.